Comprehensive Transcriptome Analysis Uncovers Distinct Expression Patterns Associated with Early Salinity Stress in Annual Ryegrass (Lolium Multiflorum L.)
Guangyan Feng1, Pengqing Xiao1, Xia Wang, Linkai Huang , Gang Nie, Zhou Li , Yan Peng, Dandan Li and Xinquan Zhang*
Abstract:Soil salination is likely to reduce crop production worldwide. Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflflorumL.) is one of the most important forages cultivated in temperate and subtropical regions. We performed a time-course comparative transcriptome for salinity-sensitive (SS) and salinity insensitive (SI) genotypes of the annual ryegrass at six intervals post-stress to describe the transcriptional changes and identify the core genes involved in the early responses to salt stress. Our study generated 215.18 Gb of clean data and identifified 7642 DEGs in six pairwise comparisons between the SS and SI genotypes of annual ryegrass. Function enrichment of the DEGs indicated that the differences in lipid, vitamins, and carbohydrate metabolism are responsible for variation in salt tolerance of the SS and SI genotypes. Stage-specifific profifiles revealed novel regulation mechanisms in salinity stress sensing, phytohormones signaling transduction, and transcriptional regulation of the early salinity responses. High-affifinity K+ (HAKs) and high-affifinity K1 transporter (HKT1) play different roles in the ionic homeostasis of the two genotypes. Moreover, our results also revealed that transcription factors (TFs), such as WRKYs, ERFs, and MYBs, may have different functions during theearly signaling sensing of salt stress, such as WRKYs, ERFs, and MYBs. Generally, our study provides insights into the mechanisms of the early salinity response in the annual ryegrass and accelerates the breeding of salt-tolerant forage.